Etymologically, this psychological term is derived from Greek, which is from the word “psyche” which means soul, and logos which means science. So literally, psychology is the science of the soul, or a science that studies the psychological symptoms. However, when referring to one of the requirements of science that is the object studied then it is not appropriate to interpret psychology as a science of the soul because the soul has abstract nature.Therefore that needs to be studied is the manifestation of the soul itself is manifested in a person’s behavior when interacting with the surrounding environment. With that basis it can be interpreted psychology is a study of science that studies the behavior of individuals or a person in interacting with the environment.
Education can be defined as a process of growth that takes place because of the actions in learning. While the definition of educational psychology is a systematic learning of processes and factors that have something to do with the field of education. It can be concluded that the teaching and learning process is the main goal of educational psychology.
In teaching and learning activities, the core of psychological problems is the students themselves. This does not mean we forget the psychological problems of an educator, but an educator is those who have gone through the process.
Education is long enough and they usually already have a good enough psychology maturity as stock of an educator in teaching.
As an educator must have the ability to understand the psychology of children’s education through some psychological considerations, by understanding child psychology is expected to:
- Determine the appropriate method or learning strategy for the child
- Facilitating and motivating students’ interest.
- Giving guidance and counseling to students.
- Formulate or determine the most appropriate learning objectives.
- Conduct a fair assessment of learning outcomes.
- Create a conducive learning atmosphere.
- Conducting interaction with good and right with the students.
Students are the target objects in the learning process that are expected to have characteristics, behaviors and have the ability that is different from each other. Therefore, in the learning process, a teacher or educator must be able to pay attention to psychological factors. Why are psychological factors so important? Because in education there is a process of behavioral change gained through teaching and learning, which can not be separated from psychology